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Download Files From Amazon S3 Bucket Using Php

EmrDownload file from aws s3 bucket php

The below PHP sample code implement the GetObject S3 API. It will download a file from a S3 bucket, and save it locally. It will download a file from a S3 bucket, and save it locally. The code does not use the AWS PHP SDK.

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Download File From Aws S3 Bucket Php

Apr 12, 2017 ProgrammingNick VogtComments (9)
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How To Download From S3

Download Files From Amazon S3 Bucket Using Php

Aws Download From S3

  1. This script downloads all files in all directories on an S3 service, such as Amazon S3 or DigitalOcean spaces. Configure your credentials (See the class constants and the code under the class) Run composer require aws/aws-sdk-php Assuming you saved this script to index.php, then run php index.php in a console and let it rip!
  2. Amazon S3 (Simple Storage Service) is a commercial storage web service offered by Amazon Web Services. It is inexpensive, scalable, responsive, and highly reliable. It has no minimum fee, and no start-up cost. This code uses standard PHP sockets to send REST (HTTP 1.1) queries to Amazon S3 server.

Download From S3 Bucket

Amazon offers a PHP SDK for handling AWS and S3 requests, but it weighs in at over 500 files and nearly 5MB. If you just want to upload a file to an S3 bucket using PHP, you can create the HTTP POST request yourself using only about 50 lines of code. This is also useful if you want to understand how the request and authorization process work.
AWS Signature Version 4
This code uses Amazon AWS Signature Version 4. To view the old Version 2 code, see this post.
Sample Code
This is sample PHP code to help you understand and test uploading to Amazon S3. Requires PHP version 5.4 or newer due to array syntax. If you want to use this in your project, you should probably modify this and put it into a function or method. I have it formatted like this specifically to help show how the process works.
Read the inline code comments for an explanation of each section:
<?php
// USER OPTIONS
// Replace these values with ones appropriate to you.
$accessKeyId = 'YOUR_ACCESS_KEY_ID';
$secretKey = 'YOUR_SECRET_KEY';
$bucket = 'YOUR_BUCKET_NAME';
$region = 'BUCKET_AMAZON_REGION'; // us-west-2, us-east-1, etc
$acl = 'ACCESS_CONTROL_LIST'; // private, public-read, etc
$filePath = 'path/to/file.jpg';
$fileName = 'myimage.jpg';
$fileType = 'image/jpeg';
// VARIABLES
// These are used throughout the request.
$longDate = gmdate('YmdTHisZ');
$shortDate = gmdate('Ymd');
$credential = $accessKeyId . '/' . $shortDate . '/' . $region . '/s3/aws4_request';
// POST POLICY
// Amazon requires a base64-encoded POST policy written in JSON.
// This tells Amazon what is acceptable for this request. For
// simplicity, we set the expiration date to always be 24H in
// the future. The two 'starts-with' fields are used to restrict
// the content of 'key' and 'Content-Type', which are specified
// later in the POST fields. Again for simplicity, we use blank
// values (') to not put any restrictions on those two fields.
$policy = base64_encode(json_encode([
'expiration' => gmdate('Y-m-dTH:i:sZ', time() + 86400),
'conditions' => [
['acl' => $acl],
['bucket' => $bucket],
['starts-with', '$Content-Type', '],
['starts-with', '$key', '],
['x-amz-algorithm' => 'AWS4-HMAC-SHA256'],
['x-amz-credential' => $credential],
['x-amz-date' => $longDate]
]
]));
// SIGNATURE
// A base64-encoded HMAC hashed signature with your secret key.
// This is used so Amazon can verify your request, and will be
// passed along in a POST field later.
$signingKey = hash_hmac('sha256', $shortDate, 'AWS4' . $secretKey, true);
$signingKey = hash_hmac('sha256', $region, $signingKey, true);
$signingKey = hash_hmac('sha256', 's3', $signingKey, true);
$signingKey = hash_hmac('sha256', 'aws4_request', $signingKey, true);
$signature = hash_hmac('sha256', $policy, $signingKey);
// CURL
// The cURL request. Passes in the full URL to your Amazon bucket.
// Sets RETURNTRANSFER and HEADER to true to see the full response from
// Amazon, including body and head. Sets POST fields for cURL.
// Then executes the cURL request.
$ch = curl_init('https://' . $bucket . '.s3-' . $region . '.amazonaws.com');
curl_setopt($ch, CURLOPT_RETURNTRANSFER, true);
curl_setopt($ch, CURLOPT_HEADER, true);
curl_setopt($ch, CURLOPT_POST, true);
curl_setopt($ch, CURLOPT_POSTFIELDS, [
'Content-Type' => $fileType,
'acl' => $acl,
'key' => $fileName,
'policy' => $policy,
'x-amz-algorithm' => 'AWS4-HMAC-SHA256',
'x-amz-credential' => $credential,
'x-amz-date' => $longDate,
'x-amz-signature' => $signature,
'file' => new CurlFile(realpath($filePath), $fileType, $fileName)
]);
$response = curl_exec($ch);
// RESPONSE
// If Amazon returns a response code of 204, the request was
// successful and the file should be sitting in your Amazon S3
// bucket. If a code other than 204 is returned, there will be an
// XML-formatted error code in the body. For simplicity, we use
// substr to extract the error code and output it.
if (curl_getinfo($ch, CURLINFO_HTTP_CODE)204) {
echo 'Success!';
} else {
$error = substr($response, strpos($response, '<Code>') + 6);
echo substr($error, 0, strpos($error, '</Code>'));
}

If you aren't receiving any response at all, check if curl_exec($ch) is returning false. If it is, chances are it's due to an SSL issue. You can check the error at curl_error($ch). For testing purposes, you can set these two additional cURL options and see if it works:
curl_setopt($ch, CURLOPT_SSL_VERIFYPEER, false);
curl_setopt($ch, CURLOPT_SSL_VERIFYHOST, 0);

But note that doing this is very insecure. Read this Stackoverflow post and this blog post.